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Infections are part of normal life. Almost all of us occasionally catch infections such as coughs, colds. In particular, most women experience infections such as cystitis vaginitis at any time in their lives. Pregnancy is a period when some infections are more common than normal. Women Health and Diseases Specialist Op. Dr. Contact Alper directly warns mothers about infections.
: Cough, colds, colds, such as infections during pregnancy are seen?
Kiss. Dr. Contact Alper directly This type of upper respiratory tract infection is more common in pregnancy. They usually do not require treatment. Abundant fluid intake, rest is sufficient. Some nasal decongestant medications may be given, but cough syrups should not be used. Paracetamol type drugs may be used as antipyretics. If there is a dark sputum with cough, it may be a bacterial infection and antibiotic treatment may be required.
: Are there vaginal infections during pregnancy?
Kiss. Dr. Contact Alper directly Pregnancy provides a very suitable ground for fungal infections. Mushrooms are the most common type of candida. This fungus is normally found in the vagina of 16% of non-pregnant women and 32% of pregnant women. Candida infection is not always symptomatic and does not require treatment. If there is redness, itching and itching containing typical white cheese cuts, treatment is necessary. Since there is no sexually transmitted disease, co-treatment is not necessary. It is more common in the last 3 months of pregnancy.
About 15% of pregnant women normally have bacteria called streptococci in the vagina. It is usually not a problem, but it can rarely pass on to the baby at birth and cause serious infections, including memengitis. This situation is seen at a rate of 3 out of 10,000. Early opening of the membranes may cause this picture. For these reasons, protective antibiotics are required in cases where the membranes are opened and 24 hours have passed but there is no birth.
Chlamydia and gonorrhea, which are sexually transmitted diseases, can pass on to the baby during birth and cause eye infections in the baby. They are extremely common infections in our country. They are diagnosed by culture and can be safely treated during pregnancy. The success of the treatment should be confirmed by re-culture. Co-treatment is required in these infections.
: Is it true that urinary tract infections are more common during pregnancy?
Kiss. Dr. Contact Alper directly Urinary tract infections are more common in pregnancy than normal. One in 25 pregnant women experiences this condition. Urinary infections are common in pregnancy because of the slowing of the excretory system and the associated stasis. The most important symptom is burning while urinating. Frequent urination can be seen as a result of decreased bladder capacity during pregnancy and does not make a diagnosis of urinary tract infection alone. Other than that, side pain, groin pain can be seen. If left untreated in the late pregnancy, it may cause premature opening of the membranes and premature labor. Diagnosis is made by urine analysis and culture. It is treated smoothly with plenty of fluid intake and appropriate antibiotics.
: Can you give us information about toxoplasma?
Kiss. Dr. Contact Alper directly Toxoplasma is an infection caused by a parasite called Gondii. Eggs are transmitted from the feces of cats fed with raw meat. Its importance in pregnancy is that it can cause miscarriages and congenital infections in the baby. Once the toxoplasma is passed, the immune system of the body recognizes the infectious agent and the person is not caught again. Approximately 30% of women have experienced this parasite before pregnancy. In 35% of women who experience this parasite for the first time during pregnancy, infection passes to the baby. If the event occurs in the last 3 months of pregnancy, the risk of the baby being affected is around 70%. If the first 3 months, the risk decreases to 15%. Toxoplasma infection can also cause miscarriages and stillbirths. In addition, developmental problems in the baby, blindness, deafness, brain enlargement (hydrocephalus), brain damage, epilepsy (epilepsy) and the cause of deafness. When active toxoplasmosis is detected during pregnancy, cordocentesis is recommended at 20 weeks.
: Are there other infections?
Kiss. Dr. Contact Alper directly Genital Herpes is also seen. It is found in about 10% of the society. First it starts like colds, weakness and malaise is seen. Painful lesions of the herpes are seen in the genital area. Symptoms disappear after 7-10 days. The virus remains silent here for a long time and is reactivated when it finds the appropriate environment. This type of pregnancy is a suitable environment. If the first infection occurs after 28 weeks, the risk is high. Because the mother's immune system takes up to 12 weeks to respond. If secondary attacks occur, they are less risky. Infection can pass on to the baby during childbirth. Primary attack may also cause premature birth and developmental delay. In case of primary attacks before 28th week or active infection, cesarean section should be the preferred mode of delivery.